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2014年世界献血者日关注点是“安全血液挽救母亲生命”Safe blood for saving mothers


2014年世界献血者日关注点是“安全血液挽救母亲生命”


    今年世界献血者日活动的关注点是“安全血液挽救母亲生命”。及时获得安全的血液和血液制品,对所有国家而言都是预防孕产妇死亡的全面措施的必要组成部分,今年的活动将提高对这一点的认识。

    世卫组织鼓励所有国家及就输血和孕产妇健康开展工作的各国和国际伙伴拟定活动计划,突出及时获得安全的血液和血液制品以预防孕产妇死亡的必要性。

    可以组织纪念活动、会议、在媒体上发表或传播相关文章、科学讨论、在本国、地区和国际科学期刊上发表文章以及其它有助于促进今年世界献血者日主题的活动。

    背景信息

    每年的6月14日,世界各国都会纪念世界献血者日。该世界日提高人民对安全血液和血液制品需求的认识,并感谢自愿无偿献血者献出挽救生命的血液礼物。

    全世界每天有约800名妇女死于妊娠或分娩相关并发症。几乎所有此类死亡均发生在发展中国家,其中半数以上在撒哈拉以南非洲国家,约三分之一在南亚。15岁以下少女孕产死亡的风险最高。

    分娩过程中和分娩后的严重出血是死亡、患病和长期残疾的主要原因。但是,获得安全、充足的血液和血液制品以及合理、安全利用输血在全世界许多国家仍面临重大挑战。

    今年全球活动的目标

    各国卫生部,特别是孕产妇死亡率高的国家,采取切实步骤,确保本国卫生机构改善从自愿献血者处为分娩妇女获得安全血液和血液制品的情况。

    孕产妇死亡率高国家的国家血液服务机构,在2014年世界献血者日活动及产品中关注为母亲获得安全血液的问题。

    孕产妇健康规划和伙伴关系参与2014年活动。

    世卫组织和全世界伙伴强调来自自愿献血者的安全血液可以挽救妇女的生命。

    世界献血者日活动主办国:斯里兰卡

    2014年世界献血者日全球活动主办国为斯里兰卡。该国通过国家输血服务机构的工作促进自愿无偿献血,以增加获得安全、充足的血液和血液制品。2014年6月14日将在科伦坡举办全球活动。


Safe blood for saving mothers


The focus for this year’s campaign is “Safe blood for saving mothers”. The campaign will increase awareness about why timely access to safe blood and blood products is essential for all countries as part of a comprehensive approach to prevent maternal deaths.

WHO encourages all countries and national and international partners working on blood transfusion and maternal health to develop an activity plan to highlight the need for timely access to safe blood and blood products in the prevention of maternal deaths.

Activities may include commemorative events, meetings, publication / dissemination of relevant stories on media outlets, scientific conferences, publication of articles on national, regional and international scientific journals, and other activities that would help in promoting the theme of this year’s World Blood Donor Day (WBDD).

Background information

Every year, on 14 June, countries around the world celebrate World Blood Donor Day. The event raises awareness of the need for safe blood and blood products and to thank voluntary unpaid blood donors for their life-saving gifts of blood.

Every day, about 800 women die from pregnancy or childbirth-related complications. Almost all of these deaths occur in developing countries. More than half of them occur in sub-Saharan Africa and almost one third in South Asia. The risk of maternal mortality is highest for adolescent girls under 15 years of age.

Severe bleeding during delivery and after childbirth is a major cause of mortality, morbidity and long-term disability. However, access to safe and sufficient blood and blood products and the rational and safe use of blood transfusion still remain major challenges in many countries around the world.

The objectives of this year’s global campaign

Ministries of health, particularly in countries with high rates of maternal mortality, to take concrete steps towards ensuring that health facilities in their countries improve access to safe blood and blood products from volunteer donors for women giving birth.

National blood services in countries with high rates of maternal mortality to focus on safe blood for mothers in their activities and products for the 2014 campaign.

Maternal health programmes and partnerships engage in the 2014 campaign.

WHO and partners throughout the world highlight how safe blood from voluntary donors can save women’s lives everywhere.

Host for World Blood Donor Day events - Sri Lanka

The global host for the 2014 global WBDD event is Sri Lanka. Through its national blood transfusion service, Sri Lanka has been promoting voluntary unpaid donation to increase access to safe and sufficient blood and blood products. A global event will be held in Colombo on 14 June 2014.